Links & Websites Peer-reviewed research study that demonstrates the importance of scaffolding both thinking and language for English learners. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1475158506000440Category: InstructionSecondary InstructionRelated Resources: Modules Supporting English Language Learners (ELLs) in Secondary Classrooms Online module that describes the stages of English development and scaffolding for academic language within content-area instruction. Modules Instructional and Language Scaffolds for English Learners in Elementary Classrooms Online professional development module describing a 3-step process to support ELs’ success in the elementary classroom. Links & Websites Scaffolding Instruction for English Language Learners: A Conceptual Framework Article presenting ideas for scaffolding language and thinking within content-area classrooms for secondary English learners. Links & Websites Effective Social Studies Instruction to Promote Knowledge Acquisition and Vocabulary Learning of English Language Learners in the Middle Grades Description of specific instructional methods for enhancing social studies lessons to promote comprehension and vocabulary learning for secondary English learners. Links & Websites Vocabulary: Word Generation Website with teacher resources for vocabulary and comprehension instruction across content-area classrooms.